Are you planning to make your own home improvement? Do you think your old floor or bathroom tiles need to be renewed? If you’ve decided to set aside a day to do your household projects, that’s good for you! There are many factors to consider when laying ceramic floor tiles. One of the most important things to do before starting work is to prepare everything that needs to be prepared.
The first item on your list should be your floor plan and tile layout. Since the floor plan of your room includes dimensions, you can calculate how much material you are going to buy and how many tiles you need to buy. Laying ceramic floor tiles also requires special adhesives and grouts, as well as other chemicals that may be required for cleaning. You should have rubber mallets, tile cutters, trowels, sandpaper, chalk, tape measure, etc. on your list.
When choosing the tiles you will use, in addition to the color and design, there are some important things to consider. For bathroom plans with floor tiles, the chemical resistance of the tiles should be checked. Some ceramic tiles are highly resistant to highly acidic cleaners such as hydrochloric acid and even highly alkaline cleaners such as ammonia. The floor tiles are also sorted by the estimated volume of traffic in the room. The higher the current, the stronger your tiles and the higher the cost. When purchasing tiles, make sure to purchase an additional 10% of the original quantity needed so that you are prepared for any cracks or damage that may occur during tile installation.
The floor of the room where you will be tiled should also be prepared. If there are carpets and loose floors, remove them immediately. Check that the floor is level, if it is not level you can install plywood on it and nail it firmly to the original floor. In addition, you should thoroughly clean the entire space before you put anything down.
Before embarking on a floor tile project at home, here are just a few basics you should know. Remember that the effect of your new room depends on how well you execute the game plan. Research more about where you can get discounts on tools and materials so you can save big on DIY projects around the house.
Choosing and Living With Terracotta Floor Tiles
Terracotta Warriors – or literally “earth” “fired” is one of the most basic and oldest building materials ever. Terracotta warriors are essentially clay that is baked in a kiln until hardened and semi-vitrified. This material is used to make roof tiles, plumbing pipes and floor tiles.
As a flooring material, terracotta has to compete with many alternatives currently on the market, from ceramic to travertine, but it is difficult to find a material as “viable” as this one.
Spain, Portugal, France, Italy and Mexico are today the main countries of origin for most terracotta floors and offer tiles in a variety of colours, shapes, thicknesses and qualities. The key to buying the best floor for you is to get good advice. Despite selling this material, some retailers seem to know very little about the product which can lead to poor sales or worse, bad advice – leaving customers with floors that don’t meet their expectations – I hope this article helps you can help make it a wise choice the next time you consider investing in clay floors.
As mentioned earlier, terracotta tiles come from countries with mild climates – this is no coincidence as many terracotta manufacturers use the sun to air dry the tiles before firing them in the kiln. When the tiles are initially made of wet clay, they must be allowed to dry naturally before being placed in the kiln, otherwise they will break as the water in them boils and expands. Once the tiles are dry, they can be fired in the kiln and the temperature varies depending on the type of tile being produced.
There are basically two basic types of tiles, hand-made and machine-made, both of which offer very different finishes to the floor.
Hand-made tiles generally look more rustic and show more texture in the finish. Some even have bird footprints or footprints that are stepped on when they are dry outside. Hand-made tiles are very good at hiding dirt and because of their messy finish, they are well suited for placement in rural settings, such as barn renovations.
Often handmade products are manufactured in a more basic way and the oven temperature is not as controllable as some machine products. For example, some kilns are wood fired and a light breeze will often make the kiln feel, causing temperature fluctuations within the kiln resulting in uneven baking. As a result, the tiles that can be produced show significant color changes between the interior and the tiles, as well as salt stains – tiny bits of mineral salt sprayed off the surface of the tiles, ranging in size from pea to one. The diameter of the golf ball. Small cracks and tears in the surface of these tiles are also common.
Some handmade tiles are thrown into a mold that is placed on the sand, the wet clay is cut to size and then the tiles are pushed out of the mold to be dried and finally fired – one of the unexpected benefits of this technique is a silk The surface of the tiles is sand-grained. If the customer wishes, the tiles can be placed “upside down” to create a more rustic effect during the installation process.
Machine-made terracotta is a less labor-intensive process, as most of the work of mixing and cutting the clay is done by machine – this gives these types a degree of uniformity, and the firing process is usually done in electricity. the oven, the temperature can be accurately adjusted to produce a more uniform and flawless product. Keep in mind that even machine-made tiles can still have minor defects such as bending and light salting, but these are indeed a feature of the material and should be viewed as positive rather than negative.
Some manufacturers combine these two methods to shape the clay by hand and then bake it in an electric kiln. These tiles offer the best of both worlds, providing rustic tiles with a more uniform finish, especially San Genis in Spain.
So how do you choose? Before choosing a floor, you must first understand your lifestyle. If you’re the kind of person who wants (or needs to) scrub or mop the floor every day – avoid using clay – you’ll be much better off with products like ceramic. If you’re not, read on…
If you’re willing to put up with a little dirt, terracotta may be the way to go.
A real finish that will get better with time and a little dirty. There are alternatives but we always recommend using oil as the main sealant as this gives color and protection to the tiles – the alternative finish to wax can be one of many patented finishes such as HG Cotto Finish – A water based metallization lotion applied after oiling – this will give your tiles a waxy shine, but they will not “weather” as dirt does not adhere to this type of sealant.
(* Please note that linseed oil is an oxidizing oil, it will generate heat when it solidifies… Do not throw oil-soaked rags into trash cans or bags, as they ignite spontaneously… Keep the oil-stained sponge to wipe off wash or burn off)
Therefore, once you have reached this point and decided to go with clay, the next step is to choose your installer. Not all tilers are familiar with the use of fired clay, so check that your tiler is fully familiar with the subject matter, he obviously needs to know the purpose, what sealant to use and how to maintain the floor afterwards – if he can’t – don’t use it. She-find someone who can!
Take care of your floor… As we mentioned before, Terracotta Warriors are very good at hiding or hiding dirt. We always advise our customers to just clean or vacuum their floors, if they really need to break the mop in anger, just use water or alkaline cleaners such as HG Superfloor – don’t use any cleaners as they will remove you! Most installers also offer customers rewaxing services (they should have a commercial polisher do this after all) and the cost is usually reasonable – especially if the floor is already good – a 15 square foot floor is usually less than 1 hour to install. re-glaze and polish.